In 2018, the ANU IDM team led the Individual Deprivation Measure Indonesia country study in two districts, gathering individual-level data about multi-dimensional poverty. The IDM findings from the Pangkajene and Jeneponto studies reveal that the intersections of gender, age, location, and disability compound the experience of poverty. Through assessment across all aspects of poverty, we see how deprivation in each impacts on individuals, and how multiple deprivations combine to create multidimensional poverty.
The findings from each Regency are presented in a final report. We have also produced a series of videos that communicate the Indonesia country study findings. All of these resources can be found on our 'Resources' page.
The information presented in this report is based on the responses of 2815 people in Jeneponto. The IDM study in Jeneponto reveals the ways in which gender and age shape patterns of deprivation. While women were more deprived in some dimensions, multidimensional poverty overall appears to be gendered rather than feminised. That is, both women and men experience poverty, but in different ways, reflecting gendered roles and responsibilities.
The information presented in this report is based on the responses of 2881 people in Pangkajene and Islands Regency (Pangkep). Surveys were undertaken across the province, including in the remote islands about which little data are available. The IDM study in Pangkep reveals the ways in which gender and age shape patterns of deprivation. Poverty is also generationed and the nature and depth of poverty is shaped by both age and gender.
The IDM survey included questions on experiences of violence and ‘voice’, and thorough consultation was undertaken with experts to design the survey in order to mitigate any risks to participants. To better understand the possible consequences of asking about violence and voice in a multi-topic survey on multidimensional poverty, a qualitative follow-up study was designed, and conducted in parallel with the IDM survey.
The findings from the Indonesia Country Study demonstrates that poverty is gendered. Women and men both experience deep deprivation because of poverty, but the nature of deprivation is often different. Watch the video below to hear the key findings related to the gendered nature of poverty in Indonesia.
You can also download the briefing paper about multidimensional poverty and gender for further reading.
The Indonesia Country Study reveals key insights about the ways in which people with disability experience poverty, and the way in which disability can intersect with other characteristics to compound the effects of multidimensional poverty. Watch the short video below to understand the ways in which disability can impact on the experience of poverty.
You can also download the briefing paper about multidimensional poverty and disability in Indonesia for further reading.
Disability and Multidimensional Poverty in Indonesia
Detailed findings and further analysis
The Indonesia Country Study provided robust data which has been analysed and communicated in a number of ways. On our website, you will find plenty of further reading in reports and briefing papers, and you can also access the findings through podcasts and videos.
Below, we highlight three important resources for further reading, but you can browse all our resources and filter by Geography and Topic to find what most interests you. Be sure to subscribe to receive our newsletter and keep informed about our upcoming events.