Child Poverty Research at ANU
Poverty impacts disproportionately on children. Of those living in extreme poverty globally (less than $1.90 per day), one third are children aged under 12 years. Childhood poverty is of particular policy concern, not only because of the large number of children affected, but also because of the long term consequences of childhood deprivation on affected individuals and for society as a whole. Addressing child poverty is essential to social justice and the progress of human rights.
The Individual Measure of Multidimensional Poverty (IMMP) does not assess child poverty, for two reasons. First, the participatory research carried out through the Assessing Development project, which is foundational to our approach, did not include children due to resource issues. Second, we recognise that children’s stage within the life course means that poverty plays out in particular ways that need to be illuminated.
Our current research on child poverty is funded by an ARC Discovery grant, and involves research with children aged between approximately seven and fifteen years, using participatory methods.
Our research is currently focused on Indonesia, where over 44 million children and young people (more than half the population aged under 18 years) still live on less than $2 per day, despite considerable progress has been made in addressing poverty.
This research aims to better understanding child poverty in Indonesia from the standpoint of children, using a range of participatory methods. In doing so, we aim to develop a child-centred means of assessing child poverty, thus informing policies and services to better support children. The research is being undertaken in Indonesia, but has global implications.
Our research commenced with a review of the existing literature on participatory research with children on poverty. That review has now been published in Children and Youth Services Review.
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