The Individual Measure of Multidimensional Poverty
The Individual Measure of Multidimensional Poverty is an innovative approach to measuring poverty, that is sensitive to gender and other social characteristics, and able to identify which social groups are most multidimensionally poor, and in what ways.
The IMMP uses three survey tools to assess multidimensional poverty: the Dwelling Survey, the Household Survey and the Individual Survey. The most important of these is the Individual Survey of Multidimensional Poverty, which is currently assesses across fourteen dimensions of poverty.
What is Individual Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty?
The IMMP measures both material poverty – such as food, water, sanitation and clothing; and non-material poverty – such as relationships, voice, and time-use. It also assesses education, health and work – not only in term so access but in terms of quality and outcomes.
The survey questions are designed to be sensitive to gender, and assess issues such as access to sanitary products and pre-natal care, which are rarely included in mainstream surveys.
The strength of the IMMP is that it measures at the individual level. This enables analysis of how social characteristics – age, gender, geographic location, disability – intersect to shape and often deepen the experience of multidimensional poverty for specific groups. It enables analysis of how deprivation across multiple dimensions compounds the experience of poverty – and for which groups.
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